Weight Loss yoga

Introduction


Obesity is the most common nutritional or metabolic disorder. This aspect is considered important because it is associated with increased mortality, predisposes to the development of fatal diseases and diminishes the efficiency and happiness of those affected. It is a disease common to the present day sedentary lifestyle in larger number of cases.

Obesity is defined as an excess of adipose tissue due to enlargement of fat cell B.M.I. (Body Mass Index) is used to determine obesity of people. (Measures a persons height and weight)

Disease risk * Associated with Overweight and Obesity by BMI and Waist Circumference

Weight Category BMI (Kg per m2) BMI = body mass index Disease risk * relative to normal weight and waist circumference
Waist circumference Men <102 cm (<40 in) Women < 89cm(<35 in) Waist circumference Men <102 cm (<40 in) Women < 89cm(<35 in)
Underweight <18.5 Low (but risk of other clinical problems may be increased)
Normal 18.5 to 24.9 Y
Overweight 25.0 to 29.9 Increased High
Obesity Class I 30.0 to 34.9 High Very High
Obesity Class II 35.0 to 39.9 Very High Very High
Obesity Class III > 40 Extremely High Extremely High

* -- Disease risk for type 2 diabetes (formerly noninsulin – dependent diabetes), hypertension and cardiovascular disease.
Y – Increased waist circumference can also be a marker for increased risk even in persons with normal weight.

Causes
Excess fat accumulation may be due to imbalance between the energy intake and energy expenditure. There are no specific causes as such but factors influencing area.
  • Age : Middle age
  • Quality of life, High socio-economic group.
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Endocrine factors Hypothyroidism, Cushing Syndrome.
  • Energy Balance : Physical inactivity
  • Faulty Metabolism : Those with low metabolism tend to get deposit fat in their day, they do not burn up all the calories gained.
  • Psychological factors : Worry, anxiety, fear, feeling of loneliness, depression and frustration may stimulate the person to overeat.
  • Change in life – style : The sedentary life – style is one of the main predisposing factors for obesity.
  • Water Retention
  • Drugs.